Peptides: ("small digestibles") are short polymers formed from the linking, in a defined order, a specific chain of amino acids. The link between one amino acid residue and the next is known as a peptide bond. The peptide bond is essential in combining all natural ingredients for specifically targeted results and absorption.
Proteins: amino acid chains that are polypeptide molecules (or consist of multiple polypeptide subunits). The distinction is that peptides are short and polypeptides or proteins are long. There are several different conventions to determine combinations, all of which have caveats and nuances. Subtle additions and subtractions of proteins dramatically change the properties of a skin care products ability to be absorbed by specific skin types.
Enzymes: biomolecules that catalyze (i.e. increase the rates of) chemical reactions. Almost all enzymes are proteins. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process are called substrates, and the enzyme converts them into different molecules, the products. Almost all processes in a biological cell need enzymes in order to occur at significant rates. Since enzymes are extremely selective for their substrates and speed up only a few reactions from among many possibilities, the set of enzymes made in a cell determines which metabolic pathways occur in that cell.
Antioxidant: An antioxidant is a molecule capable of slowing or preventing the oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that transfers electrons from a substance to an oxidizing agent. Oxidation reactions can produce free radicals, which start chain reactions that damage cells. Antioxidants terminate these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions by being oxidized themselves. As a result, antioxidants are often reducing agents such as thiols or polyphenols.
Natural Skin Care: is the care of the skin (the largest organ of the body) using naturally-derived ingredients (such as herbs, roots, essential oils and flowers) combined with naturally occurring carrier agents, surfactants, humectants and emulsifiers (everything from natural soap to oils to pure water). The classic definition of natural skin care is based on using botanically sourced ingredients currently existing in or formed by nature, without the use of synthetic chemicals, and manufactured in such a way to preserve the integrity of the ingredients.
Surfactants: are wetting agents that lower the surface tension of a liquid, allowing easier spreading, and lower the interfacial tension between two liquids. The term 'surfactant' is a blend of "surface acting agent". Surfactants are usually organic compounds that are amphiphilic, meaning they contain both hydrophobic groups (their "tails") and hydrophilic groups (their "heads"). Therefore, they are soluble in both organic solvents and water.
Organic: (organic material) is matter that has come from a recently living organism; is capable of decay, or the product of decay; or is composed of organic compounds. The definition of organic matter varies upon the subject it is being used for.
Wildcrafted: is literally the quality of being made from the wild or untamed, but further to this, it has been defined as a quality produced in nature. Freshness and otherness. Crafting or blending the freshest ingredients in nature apart from human constructions.
Raw: describes a material that is in its natural unprocessed form, or has not had additives or preservatives; the final stages of processing. (For example, raw food refers to food that has not been cooked.)
Parabens: are a group of chemicals widely used as preservatives in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. All commercially used parabens are synthetically produced. They can be found in shampoos, commercial moisturizers, shaving gels, cleansing gels, personal lubricants, topical pharmaceuticals, spray tanning solution and toothpaste. They are also used as food additives. They are becoming increasingly controversial in their everyday use. Parabens can cause skin irritation and contact dermatitis in individuals with paraben allergies. One scientific study reports that parabens were found in samples of breast tumors and increase estrogenic activity (premature menopause). Public interest organizations which raise awareness about cosmetic ingredients believe that further research is necessary to determine the safety of parabens. The increasing concerns have led to a significant shift from their usage by natural personal care companies seeking alternatives.
Sulfate: is a salt of sulfuric acid. Sulfates are used in both the chemical industry and biological systems for the following: The lead-acid battery typically uses sulfuric acid; also used to produce plaster. Sulfates are also used as a common algaecide in pools and chemical applications. Sulfates occur as microscopic particles (aerosols) resulting from fossil fuel and biomass (automobile) combustion. They increase the acidity of the atmosphere and form acid rain and research is showing may have acted to offset some of the effects of global warming.
Urea: urine. A human waste product. It is dissolved in blood and excreted by the kidney. Sodium chloride and water in sweat. Waste originating from protein and amino acid catabolism. Organisms convert toxic ammonia to either urea or uric acid. Urea can be irritating to skin, eyes and respiratory system. Too high concentrations in the blood can cause damage to organs of the body. (Remember: your skin is the largest organ.) Repeated or prolonged contact with urea in fertilizer form on the skin may cause dermatitis. Reacts violently with strong oxidants, nitrites, inorganic chlorides, chlorites and perchlorates, causing fire and explosion hazard
Small Batching: is a manufacturing method used to produce or blend any product in small batch quantities, as opposed to a continuous production process, or a one-off mass production of thousands of units. The primary characteristic of small batch production is that all components are completed at a workstation before they move to the next one. This allows for essential multi-step quality controls and impeccable sanitary production vital to maintaining all natural ingredients.
Eco-Friendly: environmentally non-invasive and sound. Manufacturing methods that are conscious and reciprocal to the environment; returning what is taken and causing no harm. Manufacturing that is capable of promoting environmental initiatives that can produce sustainable eco systems.
Flavonoids: (or Bio-flavondoids) Flavonoids are a functional food found in all kinds of plants. They are found mainly in fruits and vegetables but are also found in seeds, nuts, flowers, green tea, pine bark and buckwheat. The best sources of Flavonoids are green tea, apples, onions and red wine. Any of a large group of water-soluble plant pigments that are beneficial to health. Flavonoids are most commonly known for their antioxidant activity. However, it is now known that the health benefits they provide against cancer and heart disease are the result of other mechanisms. Flavonoids are also commonly referred to as bioflavonoids in the media – the terms are largely equivalent and interchangeable, for most flavonoids are biological in origin.
Nutritive: to nourish, providing nutriment; nutritious. Foods or ingredients with high nutritive value. Nutritious to the skin and body.
Amino Acids: the "building Blocks" of the body. When protein is broken down by digestion the result is 22 known amino acids. Eight are essential (cannot be manufactured by the body) the rest are non-essential (can be manufactured by the body with proper nutrition). Sometimes the non-essential should still be supplemented to ensure an optimal available quantity.They are involved in collagen production for skin elasticity and provide an anti-aging effect on the body—even reducing the accumulation of age spots.